The Federal Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990
substantially revised then existing federal and state regulatory
rules to governing the reduction of air pollution in the United
Under the national ambient air quality
standards (NAAQS) emissions are controlled by imposing restrictions
on automobiles and manufacturing facilities. Controls on VOCs
on manufacturing facilities are effected by regulations imposed
on add-on controls that capture VOC emissions and limitations
on VOC content of coatings and solvents used by the facility.
In 1998 The EPA promulgated a national
rule to control VOC emissions from architectural and industrial
maintenance (AIM) coatings. The national AIM rule sets national
standards for the VOC content of this class of coatings.
Due to its unique air quality issues California
has imposed stricter limits on VOCs than the national AIM
limits Rule 113. Additionally, several states included in the
Northeast Ozone Transport Commission (Northeast, Mid-Atlantic
and D.C.) are considering adopting the more stringent California
Hazardous air pollutant (HAP) regulations
are imposed and enforced on coating manufacturers by the EPA.
These regulations, when fully implemented,
will require coating manufacturers to install add-on control
equipment to reduce HAP emissions to existing facilities as well
as any future new facilities.
For coating manufacturers the new standards
will require a basic overhaul in the way they produce product
and control their manufacturing processes. In real terms, this
translates to a total revamping of production operations within
the United States. The cost per facility is projected to be in
excess of one million dollars.